Purpose. This paper is an attempt at defining the significance of the content of visual information to successful acquisition of complex motor actions by children at a younger school age. The research assumptions were formulated as follows: the techniques for visual information communication that are adequately prepared and adapted to the perceptive capacity of pupils may be helpful in the creation of a mental plan of activities for the motor algorithm of the activity taught. Basic procedures. A method of natural pedagogical experiment was used in this research. The research was conducted among third-form pupils from selected primary schools who attended their obligatory swimming lessons. The final analysis involved 532 children, 279 from the experimental group and 253 from the control one. The experimental factor – independent variable – was the manner of developing visual information about the movement technique being taught, whereas the dependent variables consisted of the teaching results concerning: mastering of the crawl by the pupils as well as formation of motor visualizations about the motor activity being taught. Main findings. The differences between the variables under study were calculated by means of t-Student test. In order to provide an answer to the research questions, relationships between the analysed variables were searched for by means of variance analysis as well as Pearson’s coefficients of linear correlation. Conclusions. The results of the analysis enabled us, among others, to draw some conclusions that creation of a mental picture of an algorithm of a complex motor activity during all stages of schooling was crucial to the effectiveness with which this skill was acquired.
Key words: learning and teaching swimming, visual information, motor visualizations